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2020-03-17
在弥散的大趋势中

  自现代主义兴起至今已有一个多世纪,从波普艺术、观念艺术盛行至今也已有半个世纪。百年历史,波澜壮阔,标新立异,成果累累。其间,艺术品之所以成为艺术品,也愈益依赖于错构的原理。错构是凝视的原因与引力场。在这一引力场中,审美心理过程得以展开。

  观念艺术、装置艺术、行为艺术等等,极大地拓宽了艺术作品的范围,亦极大地丰富了审美引力场的多样形态和引力结构。这就是百年艺术史所标示的人类视觉文化的伟大成就。

  随着全球一体化与信息网络的迅猛发展,百年视觉文化的成就与体系性知识快速扩展弥散到世界各个角落。在弥散的过程中,历时性的思潮流派演进转变为共时性的多元因素杂存,且与地域性的文化环境互动。体系性的知识积累进一步解构混融,形成碎片化、拼贴化、扁平化、通俗化的全球性弥散景观。

  弥散是流通网络发达的结果,是全球化不可避免亦无需避免的积极现象。弥散带来了世界文化的现代化,全人类都从中受益,这是无疑的。但从物理学角度看,弥散是信息能量从高阶位向低阶位的流动,是熵的增值。从大跨度的时空观而言,不断地寻求与建构某种负熵的涌流,是必要的平衡与补充。也就是说,在弥散的大趋势中,寻找新的生长点,希望有新的艺术系统不断生成,仍然是有利于全球艺术生态的。

  在势不可挡的弥散洪流中,生成是困难的。但也只有生成,是真正值得具有全球视野的艺术家们努力探索的。生成需要生长点。这个生长点必然是现实环境的需求,也自然需从古今中外的文化积累中去找寻。既需要跨学科跨领域的融会贯通,也需要宏观思考、把握与体系性建构的综合能力。

  在当代文化语境中的生成,应该是一个不断地自我质疑、试错、调适、生长的过程。生成往往从问题意识开始,却不会有唯一正确的答案。生成是开放性的,过程性的,与周边因素不断互动的,是演进中的有机体。

  生成,是不断地提出问题、探讨问题、不断尝试、不断建构,又不断地衍生出新问题的过程。

  在浙江美术馆的《弥散与生成》展,从我的水墨画、史论、建筑、装置四个方面的原创作品切入,既希望讨论多年来的理论思考,也想简略呈现近期完成的探索成果。展览涉及这几个独立领域中的关键课题,也关系到这样的跨界实验背后贯穿的理念线索。这是一个重在自我反思与研讨的展览,目的在于提出问题,引起讨论、批评和争辩,抛砖引玉,增添当下艺术界的学术气氛。

潘公凯

2014年3月

  Dispersion and Generation

  Preface

  A century has passed since Modern Art made its appearance, and fifty years have passed since the heyday of Pop Art and Conceptual Art. This past century has seen the rise of various art movements, as well as their achievements and breakthroughs. Meanwhile, Mis-construction as a principle is increasingly vital in confirming artworks identity as art. Mis-construction becomes the reason and creates the situation for Gaze. Aesthetic reception is also made possible in this very situation.

  The new arts, such as Conceptual Art, Installation and Performance, greatly expand the category of artwork, and at the same time add to aforementioned aesthetic situation new forms and structures

  • this is the accomplishment of mans visual culture in the last century, as is manifested by art history.

  These achievements of visual culture and related systematic knowledge are quickly dispersed throughout the world, as a result of globalization and international communication network. In this process of dispersion, Diachronic knowledge system is transformed into synchronic constellation of plural cultural factors and interacts with local cultures. The previously systematic knowledge is restructured, leading to fragmented, pieced-together, flat and everyday global cultural and art scene. (This is similar to the Romanization of Greek culture)

  Dispersion is the result of developed communication network, and a positive phenomenon brought about by globalization that could not be and need not be avoided. Dispersion helps the modernization of the world, benefiting mankind as a whole. Yet viewed in terms of physics, dispersion is the flow of thermal energy from higher to lower level and increase of entropy. In the larger temporal-spatial framework, seeking and building certain negentropy is a necessary balance and complement, that is, in the trend of dispersion, seeking new area of generation, facilitating generation of new art system is beneficial to global art ecology.

  The irresistible force of dispersion renders generation difficult, yet at the same time making it an objective worth all the efforts of the artists with real global perspective. Generation takes place in certain area, which is set by actual situation and cultural accumulation of all times and around the world. Generation calls for both interdisciplinary approach and ability of systematic knowledge building.

  Generation in contemporary cultural milieu is a constant process of self-questioning, trial and error, making adjustment and growth. Generation starts from problem awareness and lead to more than one answer. It is an open, procedural, interactive and evolving organism.

  Generation is a process of constantly raising, discussing, exploring, constructing and re-generating new questions.

  In Dispersion and Generation at ZheJiang Art Museum, I present my works in the fields of ink and wash painting, art history and theory, architecture and installation, hoping to discuss my reflection in recent years and demonstrate the recent results of it. The exhibition touches the key topics in these fields and involves the theoretical clue behind such crossover experiment. It intends to raise question, bring about discussion and debate, so as to trigger more thinking and add to the academic atmosphere in the present cultural scene.

Pan Gongkai

20143